Uses of Medical Drill in Dentistry

Dental problems are very common in our world today.

It is way easier to develop a cavity in our society today than in past years because of the development of sugary and more tooth-aching substances in stores. To deal with the high demand for dental services, dentists began to look for ways they can fill up these holes in less time.

This is why medical drills are very important.

A medical drill is simply a handpiece that is used to perform different medical operations. It drills holes in bones to attach surgical pins and plates. In the dentistry world, it is used to perform different common dental procedures like altering prostheses (dental prosthesis is usually performed when oral defects like missing teeth, parts of the teeth or jaws need to be restored), remove decay, and polish fillings.

The medical drill itself is made up of different internal components that start a rotational force and give power to the cutting instrument, the burr. The function that the dental drill, in particular, will carry out depends on the nature of the operation.

Types of Medical Drills

High-speed medical drills: These are handpieces that cut with a speed of over 180,000 rpm. These handpieces have a chuck that holds the cutter, otherwise known as the burr. If the burr doesn’t run, it can cause excessive vibration and shock, removal of excess tissue, and irregular cutting.

The speed at which it cuts generates a significant amount of heat in the burr, which is why they come with a water-cooling system. Most modern high-speed medical drills also come with an illumination system that aids intra-operative vision. They operate on air turbines. It is mostly used to fill in cavities.

Slow speed handpieces: These run at a much slower speed than the high-speed handpieces, and they operate on rotary vane motors instead of air turbines. Their speed ranges from 600 rpm to 25,000 rpm. It is generally used to polish enamels or remove dental cavities. It can also be used for general oral adjustment.

There are also speed-increasing and speed-decreasing handpieces.

Speed increasing handpieces are powered by electric motors that do not turn as fast as air turbines, while speed decreasing handpieces are designed to work at very slow speed. They are used for implant placement, prophylaxis, and endodontic canal preparation.

The main job of a medical drill in dentistry is to fill up cavities that occur as a result of our actions. But how can we prevent these cavities from occurring?

How to Prevent Cavities

  • Stay away from regular snacks and drinks: When you eat sugary substances or take drinks other than water, your mouth bacteria tend to produce acid that destroys the enamel and further create cavities.
  • Use the right toothpaste: You must get the right toothpaste if you want to remove bits of food in your mouth. That is why Ayurvedic Herbal Toothpaste by Auromere and Coconut Oil Toothpaste with Charcoal by Dr. Gingers are highly recommended.
  • Visit your dentist regularly: A visit to the dentist keeps cavities away. 
Uses of Medical Drill in Dentistry
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